Q:

Let [tex]i[/tex] be the imaginary unit.What complex number in standard form does the following simplify to:[tex]i^{425}+i^{14}+i^{-14}+i^{44}[/tex]Basically you are being asked to find A and B such that the following equality holds for real values A and B:[tex]A+Bi=i^{425}+i^{14}+i^{-14}+i^{44}[/tex]You must show all work.Have fun.

Accepted Solution

A:
[tex]Hey~freckledspots!\\----------------------[/tex][tex]We~will~solve~for~i^{425}![/tex][tex]Rule~of~exponent: a^{b + c} = a^ba^c\\Apply:~i^{425}~=~i^{424}i\\ \\Rule~of~exponent: a^{bc} = (a^{b})^c\\Apply: i^{424} = i(i^2)^{212} \\\\Rule~of~imaginary~number: i^2 = -1\\Apply: i(i^2)^{212} = -1^{212}i\\\\Rule~of~exponent~if~n~is~even: -a^n = a^n\\Apply: -1^{212}i = 1^{212}i\\\\Simplify: 1^{212}i = 1i\\Multiply: 1i * 1 = i\\----------------------\\[/tex][tex]Now~let's~solve~1^{14}!\\\\Rule~of~exponent: a^{b + c} = a^ba^c\\Apply: i^{14} = (i^2)^7\\\\Rule~of~imaginary~number: i^2 = -1\\Apply: (i^2)^7 = -1^7\\\\Rule~of~exponent~if~n~is~odd: (-a)^n = -a^n\\Apply: -1^7 = -1^7\\\\Simplify: -1^7 = -1\\----------------------\\Now,~we~have: i-1+i^{-14}+i^{44}\\----------------------[/tex][tex]Now~lets~solve~i^{-14}\\\\Rule~of~exponent: a^{-b} = \frac{1}{a^b} \\Apply: i^{-14} = \frac{1}{i^{14}} \\\\Rule~of~exponent: a^{bc} = (a^b)^c\\Apply: \frac{1}{i^{14}} = \frac{1}{(i^2)^7}\\ \\Rule~of~imagianry~number: i^2 = -1\\Apply: \frac{1}{(i^2)^7} = \frac{1}{-1^7} \\\\Simplify: \frac{1}{-1^7} = \frac{1}{-1} \\\\Rule~of~fractions: \frac{a}{-b} = -\frac{a}{b} \\Apply: \frac{1}{-1} = -\frac{1}{1} = -1\\----------------------\\Now,~we~have: i-1-1+i^44\\----------------------[/tex][tex]Now~let's~solve~i^{44}!\\\\Rule~of~exponent: a^{bc} = (a^b)^c\\Apply: i^{44} = (i^2)^{22}\\\\Rule~of~imaginary~numbers: i^2 = -1\\Apply: (i^2)^{22} = -1^{22}\\\\Rule~of~exponent~if~n~is~even: (-a)^n = a^n\\Apply: -1^{22} = 1^{22}\\\\Simplify: 1^{22} = 1\\----------------------\\Now,~we~have~i-1-1+1\\----------------------[/tex][tex]Now~let's~simplify~the~expression!\\\\= i-1-1+1 \\= 1 + i -2\\= -1+i\\----------------------[/tex][tex]Answer:\\\large\boxed{-1+i}\\----------------------[/tex][tex]Hope~This~Helped!~Good~Luck![/tex]